EasyEnglishGrammar-ADVERBS

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What does an ADVERB do?
EASY!  An ADVERB modifies a VERB  and answer the following questions:
An ADVERB often ends in LY – rapidly, happily, quickly, dramatically, frantically, mentally, quietly. 

I accidentally knocked over my coke and hamburger.

Barf ran rapidly toward the hamburger I dropped on the ground.

That dog quickly gobbled down my hamburger!

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OBJECT PRONOUNS used as DIRECT or INDIRECT OBJECTS of a sentence.

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OBJECTIVE CASE PRONOUNS – What are they?

EASY! They are the PRONOUNS used as DIRECT or INDIRECT OBJECTS or OBJECTS of a PREPOSITION.   

OBJECTIVE CASE PRONOUNS:  

Singular                             Plural

ME                                      US

YOU                                    YOU

HIM, HER,IT                      THEM

Examples:

You can see me. (ME is a direct object.)

I can see her and him. (HIM and HER are direct objects.)

Mick gave us a gift.  (US = indirect object. To whom the gift was given =US.)

We gave THEM a cake for HER.  (THEM is an indirect object.  HER is object of the preposition FOR.) 

WHAT IS A PRONOUN?

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A PRONOUN is a word which replaces a NOUN.

What is a pronoun?

EASY! A PRONOUN is a word which takes the place of a NOUN!   

MORE Info:  There are 3 main cases of PRONOUNS in English: Noun (Nominative) Case.  Objective Case, and Possessive Case.  (Follow our blog to learn the 3 cases of pronouns.)

PRO and HE can be interchanged.  The pronoun HE takes the place of PRO, the boxer’s name, a noun.  It is a way to make writing less repetitive.

NOUN PRONOUN Use: Pronouns to use for Subjects of Sentences

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Subject or Nominative Case Pronouns

What PRONOUNS should you use for the subjects of a sentence?

EASY!   For subjects of sentences use Noun or Nominative Case Pronouns!   

I, YOU, HE-SHE-IT/WE, YOU, THEY

Remember a pronoun replaces a noun.

(Singular Pronouns)     (Plural Pronouns)

I can play guitar.                      We can dance.

You can win.                             You are invited.

He can sing.                              They can come too.

She can hum.

ACTIVE versus PASSIVE VOICE

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ACTIVE VOICE 

You are told to write in the ACTIVE VOICE, but how do you do it?

EASY!  Make the subject of your sentence  perform the verb’s action!

Sam throws the ball.

ActivePassive

  • SAM is the subject of the sentence.  
  • SAM is the one throwing the ball.   The verb’s action = throws.
  • Be sure that the subject is performing the action of the verb.

PASSIVE VOICE

Now look at a passive PASSIVE VOICE sentence.

The ball was thrown by Sam.

  • The ball did not perform the verb’s action.
  • To write in the ACTIVE voice always have your subject doing the action.

Examples:

ACT: We drove the race car.   PASS: The race car was driven by us.

ACT: Slim plays the guitar.  PASS: The guitar is played by Slim.

ACT: Carmen sings a ballad. PASS: The ballad was sung by Carmen.

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